General Information
About Dubai
Dubai Lifestyle
Old Dubai
History
Rulers of Dubai
Visa Information
Business & Economy
Government Ministries
Embassies
Public Holidays
Important Phone No.
UAE Government
  Exploring Dubai
Outside The City
Dubai Souqs
Shoping Centers
Events
Going Out
Dubai Projects
Parks
Eating Out
Wonders of Dubai
Sports
  Other Links
Dubai Airport
Transport
Pray Time
Currency Converter
Sharjah
 

Sharjah ( transliteration: ash-shariqah) is the third most populous city in the United Arab Emirates and is the seat of government of the emirate of Sharjah. The city covers an approximate area of 235 km² and has a population of over 800,000 (2008).

Description

Sharjah is the third largest city (after Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, and is the only one to have land on both the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The palace of the ruler of the emirate of Sharjah (Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi) is located about 20 km southeast of the city.

The city of Sharjah overlooks the Arabian Gulf and , has a population of over 800,000 (2008). It contains the main administrative and commercial centers together with an array of cultural and traditional projects, including several museums. Distinctive landmarks are the two major covered souks, reflecting Islamic design; a number of recreational areas and public parks such as Al Jazeirah Fun Park and Al Buheirah Corniche. The city is also notable for its numerous elegant mosques.

Emigration Road, Sharjah
Emigration Road, Sharjah

The Emirate of Sharjah is also known to be the Cultural Capital of the UAE. The Expo Centre of Sharjah is well known for the annual book fair that is famous all over the region. The Emir personally takes keen interest in this event which brings together hundreds of publishers from all over the world and thousands of titles. Links with the outside world are provided by Sharjah International Airport and Port Khalid.

Sharjah is bordered by the cities of Dubai and Ajman and is about 170 kilometers away from the capital city Abu Dhabi.

History

Historically, Sharjah was one of the wealthiest towns in this region with a settlement in existence for over 5000 years.

In the early 18th century the Qawasim clan (Huwayla tribe) established itself in Sharjah, c. 1727 declaring Sharjah independent. On 8 January 1820, Sheikh Sultan I signed the General Maritime Treaty with Britain, accepting a protectorate to keep the Ottoman Turks out. Like four of its neighbours, Ajman, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, and Umm al-Qaiwain, its position on the route to India made it important enough to be recognized as a salute state (be it of the lowest class: 3 guns). On 2 December 1971, Sheikh Khalid III joined the United Arab Emirates.

Crystal Plaza (Sharjah)
Crystal Plaza (Shopping Mall & Residence Flats)

Like the other former Trucial States, Sharjah's name is known by many stamp collectors because of the large numbers of stamps that were issued by the Sharjah Post Office shortly before the formation of the United Arab Emirates. Many of these items feature subjects unrelated to the emirates whose names they bear, and therefore many popular catalogues do not list them.